The Annals of otology, rhinology, and laryngology

A Novel Therapy for Laryngotracheal Stenosis: Treatment With Ethosomes Containing 5-Fluorouracil.

PMID 25678670


The purpose of our article was to explore the effect of ethosomes containing 5-fluorouracil (5-FU) with different sizes on laryngotracheal stenosis treatment. The physical characteristics of ethosomes containing 5-FU were investigated, including size, shape, and entrapment percentage. The effect of ethosomes containing 5-FU was evaluated on the airway stenosis rabbit model. The formation of fibrous/scar tissue was investigated by hematoxylin and eosin (HE) staining, and the permeation depth was observed under fluorescence microscope. The mean sizes of 5-FU ethosomes extruded by D=50 nm and D=100 nm pore were 60±10 nm and 110±13 nm, respectively. The 5-FU entrapment percentage of ethosomes was determined to be 15% (D=60±10 nm) and 32% (D=110±13 nm). After being treated by ethosomes containing 5-FU (D=60±10 nm), the fibroblast and collagenous fiber distributed sparsely in the deep scar tissue. The permeation capability of ethosomes containing 5-FU (D=60 nm) was significantly better than ethosomes (D=110 nm). Besides, the 5-FU ethosomes resulted in less stenosis than 5-FU only. Topical administration of 5-FU ethosomes may be a novel candidate therapy for laryngotracheal stenosis treatment.