Experimental biology and medicine (Maywood, N.J.)

Hypoxia promotes HO-8910PM ovarian cancer cell invasion via Snail-mediated MT1-MMP upregulation.

PMID 25681470


The molecular mechanisms of ovarian cancer cell invasion under hypoxia remain unclear. Here we employed a 3D collagen model and chick chorioallantoic membrane (CAM) invasion assay to explore the influence of hypoxia on ovarian cancer cell invasion. Hypoxia (both 1% O2 and CoCl2 150 and 250 µM) induced HO-8910PM ovarian cancer cell invasion in 3D collagen and collagenolysis determined by hydroxyproline. Pretreatment with a hypoxia inducible factor-1α inhibitor, YC-1, or MMP inhibitor, GM6001, significantly inhibited 3D collagen invasion and degradation and cell proliferation. Hypoxia stimulated both mRNA and protein expressions of membrane-type 1 matrix metalloproteinase (MT1-MMP) and promoted MT1-MMP translocation to the cell surface in an YC-1 sensitive manner. MT1-siRNA transfection inhibited hypoxia-induced invasion, proliferation, and collagen degradation of cells in 3D collagen. Hypoxia stimulated Snail mRNA and protein expression as well as translocation to nucleus in an YC-1 sensitive manner. Overexpression of Snail with a recombinant plasmid in HO-8910PM cells resulted in an enhanced invasion in 3D collagen. Transfection with Snail-specific siRNA significantly decreased MT1-MMP expression and 3D collagen invasion. Hypoxia-treated cells significantly broke the upper CAM surface of 11-day-old chick embryos and infiltrated interstitial tissue, completely blocked in the presence of YC-1 or GM6001, or after MT1-MMP siRNA or Snail siRNA transfection. Together, these data suggest that hypoxia promotes HO-8910PM ovarian cancer cell traffic through 3D matrix via Snail-mediated MT1-MMP upregulation, a possible molecular mechanism of ovarian cancer cell invasion under hypoxia.