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Steroids

Detection of dihydroxycholesterols in human plasma using HPLC-ESI-MS/MS.


PMID 25683891

Abstract

We report a straightforward sample preparation procedure and a direct liquid chromatography electrospray ionization tandem mass spectrometry (LC-ESI-MS/MS) method for the analysis of 7alpha,25-dihydroxycholesterol (7α25-OHC) and 7alpha,27-dihydroxycholesterol (7α27-OHC). By applying a slow protein precipitation approach using cold ethanol, we were able to detect and quantify 7α25-OHC and 7α27-OHC in a fast and reliable manner. The average concentrations from 20 healthy individuals were determined to be 0.21±0.05nM for 7α25-OHC and 3.4±0.1nM for 7α27-OHC. In addition, we are the first to report the average degrees of esterification (n=8) to be 73.8% and 82% for 7α25-OHC and 7α27-OHC, respectively. Using the established method, we achieved the sensitivity sufficient for detecting low abundant dihydroxylated oxysterols in healthy individuals. This result should enable extension of these studies towards a comprehensive analysis of oxysterol levels under disease conditions.

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