Urologic oncology

MicroRNA-185 inhibits cell proliferation and induces cell apoptosis by targeting VEGFA directly in von Hippel-Lindau-inactivated clear cell renal cell carcinoma.

PMID 25700976


The von Hippel-Lindau (VHL) gene acts as a tumor suppressor in most clear cell renal cell carcinomas (ccRCCs). Tumor growth in ccRCCs relies on many factors that result from the loss of VHL. This study aims to identify new microRNAs with therapeutic potential for VHL-inactivated ccRCCs. We used 786O, A498 (VHL inactivated), and Caki-1 (VHL intact) ccRCC cell lines and 40 ccRCC samples and their adjacent nontumor tissues to measure the expression of microRNA-185 (miR-185) by real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction. Overexpression or knockdown of VEGFA expression in renal cancer cells was fulfilled by transfecting expression plasmids or small interfering RNAs. Overexpression of miR-185 in ccRCC cell lines was fulfilled by transfecting chemically synthesized miR-185 mimics. The effects of miR-185 on ccRCC cell lines were detected by MTS assay, colony formation assay, and flow cytometric analysis. Compared with adjacent nontumor renal tissues, miR-185 expression levels decreased significantly in ccRCC tissues. The expression of miR-185 had a negative correlation with tumor size, Fuhrman grade, and TNM staging. Luciferase assay showed that VEGFA was a direct target gene of miR-185. The overexpression of miR-185 significantly inhibited cell proliferation and induced cell apoptosis by down-regulating VEGFA expression in VHL-inactivated ccRCC cells. Our results suggest that the miR-185, as a tumor suppressor, plays a pivotal role by inhibiting VEGFA in VHL-inactivated ccRCC.