Journal of pharmacological sciences

BCL2 promotor methylation and miR-15a/16-1 upregulation is associated with sanguinarine-induced apoptotic death in rat HSC-T6 cells.

PMID 25704029


Previous studies show that several pathways are involved in sanguinarine-induced apoptotic cell death, including AKT downregulation, inhibition of NF-kB activation, mediation of ROS production, downregulation of anti-apoptosis proteins XIAP and cIAP-1, upregulation of BAX, and downregulation of BCL2. In this study, we found out that the quenching of ROS generation by N-acetyl-l-cysteine (NAC), a scavenger of ROS, reversed sanguinarine-induced apoptosis effects, also we found out that sanguinarine-induced rat hepatic stellate T6 cells (HSC-T6 cells) apoptosis was correlated with the generation of increased ROS, which was followed by the activation of caspase-8 (-3, -6, and -9), and the decreasing in the miltochondrial membrane potential (MMP) and the down-regulation of anti-apoptotic protein Bcl-2. It is not clear whether BCL2's downregulation relates to its promoter methylation and miR-15a/16-1 expression which can bind to BCL2 3'-UTR (un-translation reagon). We showed that sanguinarine-induced down regulation of BCL2 was associated with the increased methylation rate of BCL2 promotor district and the increased expression of miR-15a/16-1. HSC-T6 cells treatment with 5-Aza-2'-deoxycytidine (5'-Aza-CdR) impeded sanguinarine-induced BCL2 promotor district methylation and recovered BCL2's expression. Over expression of BCL2 using pEGFP-N1 vector decreased sanguinarine-induced HSC-T6 cells apoptotic death significantly but not completely. These observations clearly showed that BCL2 down regulation was associated with its promoter methylation and miR-15a/16-1 upregulation in sanguinarine-induced Rat HSC-T6 cells.