Heart, lung & circulation

miR-28-5p Involved in LXR-ABCA1 Pathway is Increased in the Plasma of Unstable Angina Patients.

PMID 25704294


Previous studies confirmed that the intronic miRNAs participated in regulating host gene-primed biological processes. The coordinated roles of miR-28 with its host gene, LIM domain lipoma-preferred partner (LPP), remain unknown in atherosclerosis. In this study, we determined to assess circulating levels of miR-28-5p in unstable angina patients, compared with age- and sex- matched control subjects by quantitative PCR. Furthermore, we attempted to explore whether miR-28-5p could influence the expression of ATP-binding cassette transporter A1 (ABCA1) and liver X receptor (LXR), major mediators of high density lipoprotein (HDL) synthesis and transportation in hepatic cells and macrophages. It was found that plasma levels of miR-28-5p were significantly increased in unstable angina patients with or without type 2 diabetes mellitus. Notably, miR-28-5p upregulated ABCA1 expression at transcription and translation levels, strongly correlated with translational activation of LXRα in HepG2 and THP-1-derived macrophages. Our findings suggest that circulating miR-28-5p, involved in LXRα-ABCA1 pathway, may be a potential biomarker for diagnosis and prognosis of unstable angina.