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Nature cell biology

Lysosomal calcium signalling regulates autophagy through calcineurin and ​TFEB.


PMID 25720963

Abstract

The view of the lysosome as the terminal end of cellular catabolic pathways has been challenged by recent studies showing a central role of this organelle in the control of cell function. Here we show that a lysosomal Ca2+ signalling mechanism controls the activities of the phosphatase calcineurin and of its substrate ​TFEB, a master transcriptional regulator of lysosomal biogenesis and autophagy. Lysosomal Ca2+ release through ​mucolipin 1 (​MCOLN1) activates calcineurin, which binds and dephosphorylates ​TFEB, thus promoting its nuclear translocation. Genetic and pharmacological inhibition of calcineurin suppressed ​TFEB activity during starvation and physical exercise, while calcineurin overexpression and constitutive activation had the opposite effect. Induction of autophagy and lysosomal biogenesis through ​TFEB required ​MCOLN1-mediated calcineurin activation. These data link lysosomal calcium signalling to both calcineurin regulation and autophagy induction and identify the lysosome as a hub for the signalling pathways that regulate cellular homeostasis.