Comparative medicine

A comparison of mouse parvovirus 1 infection in BALB/c and C57BL/6 mice: susceptibility, replication, shedding, and seroconversion.

PMID 25730752


This study characterized the effects of challenge with a field isolate of mouse parvovirus 1 (MPV1e) in C57BL/6NCrl (B6) and BALB/cAnNCrl (C) mice. We found that C mice were more susceptible to MPV1e infection than were B6 mice; ID50 were 50 to 100 times higher after gavage and 10-fold higher after intraperitoneal injection in B6 as compared with C mice. To evaluate the host strain effect on the pathogenesis of MPV1e, B6 and C mice were inoculated by gavage. Feces and tissues, including mesenteric lymph nodes (MLN), ileum, spleen and blood, were collected for analysis by quantitative PCR (qPCR) to assess infection and fecal shedding and by RT-qPCR to evaluate replication. Peak levels of MPV1e shedding, infection, and replication were on average 3.4, 4.3, and 6.2 times higher, respectively, in C than in B6 mice. Peaks occurred between 3 and 10 d after inoculation in C mice but between 5 and 14 d in B6 mice. Multiplexed fluorometric immunoassays detected seroconversion in 2 of 3 C mice at 7 d after inoculation and in all 3 B6 mice at 10 d. By 56 d after inoculation, viral replication was no longer detectable, and fecal shedding was very low; infection persisted in ileum, spleen, and MLN, with levels higher in C than B6 mice and highest in MLN. Therefore, the lower susceptibility of B6 mice, as compared with C mice, to MPV1e infection was associated with lower levels of infection, replication, and shedding and delayed seroconversion.