Journal of atherosclerosis and thrombosis

Effects of anaerobic training on paraoxonase-1 enzyme (PON1) activities of high density lipoprotein subgroups and its relationship with PON1-Q192R phenotype.

PMID 25735253


Paraoxonase-1 (PON1) is an antiatherosclerotic enzyme located on high-density lipoprotein (HDL). The effects of anaerobic exercise on PON1 activity are unknown. Here we investigated the effects of anaerobic judo training on three different activities of same PON1 enzyme (TDPON1), including basal PON1, salt-stimulated PON1 (SPON1), and arylesterase (AE) activities, of serum, HDL, and HDL subgroups (HDLs; HDL and its subgroups) and its relationship with PON1-Q192R phenotype (PON1P). Our study included 18 Turkish national female judoists (mean age: 17.9 ± 0.8 years). Before and after 5 months of anaerobic training, critical speed (CS), TDPON1 activities, cholesterol levels in the serum and supernatants of HDLs obtained by polyethylene glycol, and other major blood lipids and lipoproteins (BLLPs) including triglycerides were determined using blood samples taken after overnight fasting. PON1P groups (PGs) were categorized as QQ (QG; persons with low activity) and R carriers (QR + RR) (RG; persons with high activity) according to SPON1/AE activity ratios. The results were considered statistically significant at P ≤ 0.05. Anaerobic training resulted in significantly increased the cholesterol levels of HDLs (except HDL2-C) in all subjects, but not HDLs-C in PGs. Anaerobic training resulted in significant increases in most TDPON1 activities of serum and HDLs in all subjects and (except AE) in PGs, whereas SPON1 and HDL2 AE activities increased only in the RG, which was related to PON1P. However, PON1P was not related to other measured markers, including basal BLLP profiles. Anaerobic training improved most TDPON1 activities of serum and HDLs and HDLs -C levels (except HDL2-C) in all subjects, but not HDLs-C in PGs. The beneficial effects of anaerobic training on SPON1 and HDL2 AE activities were depend on PON1P. The lack of response of HDL2-C to anaerobic exercise will require further research.