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Journal of cellular biochemistry

Photoactivation of Akt1/GSK3β Isoform-Specific Signaling Axis Promotes Pancreatic β-Cell Regeneration.


PMID 25736682

Abstract

Promotion of insulin-secreting β-cell regeneration in patients with diabetes is a promising approach for diabetes therapy, which can contribute to rescue the uncontrolled hyperglycemia. Low-power laser irradiation (LPLI) has been demonstrated to regulate multiple physiological processes both in vitro and in vivo through activation of various signaling pathways. In the present study, we showed that LPLI promoted β-cell replication and cell cycle progression through activation of Akt1/GSK3β isoform-specific signaling axis. Inhibition of PI3-K/Akt or GSK3 with specific inhibitors dramatically reduced or increased LPLI-induced β-cell replication, revealing Akt/GSK3 signaling axis was involved in β-cell replication and survival upon LPLI treatment. Furthermore, the results of shRNA-mediated knock down of Akt/GSK3 isoforms revealed that Akt1/GSK3β isoform-specific signaling axis regulated β-cell replication and survival in response to LPLI, but not Akt2/GSK3α. The mechanism by which LPLI promoted β-cell replication through Akt1/GSK3β signaling axis involved activation of β-catenin and down-regulation of p21. Taken together, these observations suggest that Akt1/GSK3β isoform signaling axis play a key role in β-cell replication and survival induced by LPLI. Moreover, our findings suggest that activation of Akt1/GSK3β isoform signaling axis by LPLI may provide guidance in practical applications for β-cell regenerative therapies.