Journal of periodontal research

Detection of cathepsin B- and L-, elastase-, tryptase-, trypsin-, and dipeptidyl peptidase IV-like activities in crevicular fluid from gingivitis and periodontitis patients with peptidyl derivatives of 7-amino-4-trifluoromethyl coumarin.

PMID 2574234


Crevicular fluid samples were collected from 20 gingivitis and periodontitis patients using filter paper strips; these were then eluted into buffer. Portions of each sample were combined and the activities of this pooled eluate against different peptidyl derivatives of 7-amino-4-trifluoromethyl coumarin (AFC) were examined with respect to their pH profiles and effector responses. Ca-thepsin B- and L-like activity was detected with Bz-Val-Lys-Lys-Arg-AFC; elastase-like activity with MeOSuc-Ala-Ala-Pro-Val-AFC; tryptase-like activity with Z-Ala-Ala-Lys-AFC; trypsin-like activity with Z-Gly-Gly-Arg-AFC; and dipeptidyl peptidase (DPP) IV-like activity with Ala-Pro-AFC. The selectivity and sensitivity of these assays were improved by choice of appropriate conditions. The cathepsin B- and L-, elastase-, tryptase-, and trypsin-like activities all had properties consistent with those from host sources, whilst partial inactivation of the DPP IV-like activity by heat treatment (60 degrees C for 30 min) suggested that it may have represented a mixture of human and Bacteroides gingivalis enzymes. Individual patient eluates showed wide variations in enzyme concentrations, but generally elastase-like activity was by far the highest. The sensitivity of the assays with AFC-linked substrates was such that it should prove possible to measure all five different types of activity in crevicular fluid samples from local periodontal disease sites.

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7-Amino-4-(trifluoromethyl)coumarin, ≥99%