Circulation journal : official journal of the Japanese Circulation Society

Plasma renin activity is a strong and independent prognostic indicator in patients with acute decompensated heart failure treated with renin-angiotensin system inhibitors.

PMID 25753468


The renin-angiotensin system (RAS) is activated in heart failure (HF) as a compensatory mechanism, being related to cardiac remodeling and poor prognosis. Although RAS inhibitors are used as first-line drugs for HF, plasma renin activity (PRA) is upregulated by RAS inhibitors via a negative feedback mechanism. The clinical significance of PRA during RAS inhibitor therapy is poorly understood in acute decompensated HF (ADHF). Therefore we examined the impact of PRA in HF patients already receiving RAS inhibitors. Of 611 consecutive patients with ADHF and emergency admission to hospital, we studied the impact of PRA on the prognosis of ADHF in 293 patients already receiving RAS inhibitors before admission. The patients were divided into 2 groups according to median PRA (≥ vs. <3.4 ng·ml(-1)·h(-1)). During a mean follow-up of 29.0 months, there were 124 deaths from all causes. Kaplan-Meier analysis showed that all-cause and cardiovascular mortality were significantly higher in patients with high PRA than low PRA (log-rank P=0.0002 and P<0.0001, respectively). Log PRA was an independent predictor of all-cause and cardiovascular death (HR, 1.194; 95% CI: 1.378-2.678, P<0.0001; and HR, 2.559; 95% CI: 1.610-4.144, P<0.0001, respectively). PRA was associated with an increased risk of all-cause and cardiovascular mortality in ADHF patients already receiving RAS inhibitors, suggesting that PRA would be a useful biomarker during ADHF treatment.

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