Acta histochemica

Cyclin D1 in human neuroblastic tumors recapitulates its developmental expression: An immunohistochemical study.

PMID 25765113


The protein cyclin D1 (CD1), which belongs to a family of proteins functioning as regulators of CDKs (cyclin-dependent kinases) throughout the cell cycle, has been immunohistochemically detected in a wide variety of human malignant tumors. The aim of the present study was to investigate immunohistochemically the expression and distribution of CD1 in the developing human peripheral sympathetic nervous system (PSNS) and in childhood peripheral neuroblastic tumors (neuroblastomas, ganglioneuroblastomas, and ganglioneuromas). The above mentioned fetal and neoplastic tissues represent an in vivo model in which undifferentiated neuroblastic cells undergo ganglion cell differentiation. During development, a strong nuclear expression of CD1 was restricted to neuroblasts, disappearing progressively from the maturing ganglion cells with increasing gestational age. In neoplastic tissues, CD1 immunoreactivity was restricted to neuroblastic cell component of all neuroblastomas and ganglioneuroblastomas, whereas it was absent or only focally detectable in maturing/mature ganglion cell component of differentiating neuroblastomas, ganglioneuroblastomas, and ganglioneuromas. We conclude that CD1 is a reliable marker, which can be used routinely to stain neuroblastic cells in both developing and neoplastic tissues. Furthermore, our results indicate that CD1 expression in childhood peripheral neuroblastic tumors recapitulates the changes during normal development of PSNS, as previously reported for Bcl-2 oncoprotein, c-ErbB2, insulin-like growth factor 2, β-2-microglobulin, and cathepsin D. This is consistent with the current view that childhood peripheral neuroblastic tumors exhibit gene expression profiles mirroring those occurring during PSNS development.