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Molecular cancer research : MCR

CHCHD2 Is Coamplified with EGFR in NSCLC and Regulates Mitochondrial Function and Cell Migration.


PMID 25784717

Abstract

Coiled-coil-helix-coiled-coil-helix domain-containing 2, a mitochondrial protein, encoded by CHCHD2 is located at chromosome 7p11.2 and proximal to the EGFR gene. Here, bioinformatic analyses revealed that CHCHD2 is consistently coamplified with EGFR in non-small cell lung carcinoma (NSCLC). In addition, CHCHD2 and EGFR protein expression levels were positively correlated and upregulated relative to normal lung in NSCLC tumor-derived xenografts. Knockdown of CHCHD2 expression in NSCLC cells attenuated cell proliferation, migration, and mitochondrial respiration. CHCHD2 protein-protein interactions were assessed by the complementary approaches of affinity purification mass spectrometry and in vivo proximity ligation. The CHCHD2 interactome includes the apparent hub proteins C1QBP (a mitochondrial protein) and YBX1 (an oncogenic transcription factor), and an overlapping set of hub-associated proteins implicated in cell regulation. CHCHD2 influences mitochondrial and nuclear functions and contributes to the cancer phenotype associated with 7p11.2 amplification in NSCLC.