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Photochemical & photobiological sciences : Official journal of the European Photochemistry Association and the European Society for Photobiology

Liposomal hypocrellin B as a potential photosensitizer for age-related macular degeneration: pharmacokinetics, photodynamic efficacy, and skin phototoxicity in vivo.


PMID 25793654

Abstract

Photodynamic therapy (PDT) has been successfully implemented as a treatment for wet age-related macular degeneration (AMD), but very few photosensitizers have been developed for clinical use. Herein, we describe a novel formulation of liposomal hypocrellin B (LHB) that was prepared by high-pressure homogenization. The encapsulation efficiency and PDT efficacy in vitro of this new preparation were found to remain nearly constant over 1 year. Moreover, LHB is rapidly cleared from the blood, with a half-life of 2.319 ± 0.462 h and a very low serum concentration at 24 h after injection. Testing in a rat model of choroidal neovascularization (CNV) showed that leakage of blood vessels in CNV lesions was significantly reduced when LHB PDT was given at a dose of 1 mg kg(-1) along with yellow laser irradiation; the damage to the collateral retina and the retinal pigment epithelium was minimal. Skin phototoxicity assays showed that only two of the 200 mice given a 4 mg per kg dose of LHB experienced an inflammatory reaction in the auricle irradiated at 24 h after dosing. These data collectively indicate that LHB may be a safe and effective photosensitizer for vascular-targeted PDT of AMD.

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