Food and chemical toxicology : an international journal published for the British Industrial Biological Research Association

Investigation of melamine and cyanuric acid deposition in pig tissues using LC-MS/MS methods.

PMID 25818466


Four LC-MS/MS methods were developed to quantify melamine (MEL) and cyanuric acid (CYA) in various pig tissues at or above the level of concern (2.5 mg/kg). Pigs treated with 200 mg/kg bw/day CYA daily for 7 days did not accumulate significant residue concentrations in muscle, liver or kidney. Pigs treated with 200 mg/kg bw MEL daily for 7 or 28 days had MEL residues in muscles (3-13 ppm), liver (2.8-14.1 ppm) and kidney (9.4-27.2 ppm). Treatment with MEL and CYA at 100 mg/kg bw of each triazine daily for 7 days resulted in MEL (26-59 ppm in muscle, 30-49 ppm in liver and 367-6300 ppm in kidney) and CYA (1.8-5.8 ppm in muscle, 2.6-6.5 ppm in liver and 303-7100 ppm in kidney). Treatment with MEL and CYA at 1, 3 or 10 mg/kg bw/day for 7 days did not result in residues greater than the level of concern in all tissues tested. Pigs dosed with 33 mg/kg bw/day of MEL + CYA for 7 days contained residues above the level of concern only in kidney. Deposition of MEL and CYA depends on the tissue type (muscles, liver and kidney), dosage and whether the triazines are given alone or in combination.