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A cell type-specific role of protein tyrosine phosphatase non-receptor type 2 in regulating ER stress signalling.


PMID 25823847

Abstract

Genetic polymorphisms within the gene locus encoding protein tyrosine phosphatase non-receptor type 2 (PTPN2) have been associated with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). A recent study demonstrated that PTPN2 regulates ER stress signalling in pancreatic β-cells. Therefore, we investigated whether PTPN2 regulates ER stress pathways, apoptosis and cytokine secretion in human intestinal epithelial cells (IECs) and monocytes. THP-1 and HT-29 IECs were stimulated with 2 µg/ml tunicamycin (TNM) for the indicated periods of time. For knockdown experiments, cells were transfected using a mixture of three different PTPN2-specific siRNA oligonucleotides. Cell lysates were analysed by Western blot and real-time PCR. Cytokine secretion was studied by ELISA measurements of cell culture supernatant. TNM treatment reduced PTPN2 protein levels in HT-29 IECs and THP-1 monocytes. Knockdown of PTPN2 in THP-1 monocytes led to an exaggerated induction of phospho-eIF2α, enhanced PARP cleavage, indicative of apoptosis, and attenuated IL-8 and TNF secretion upon TNM stimulation. In HT-29 cells PTPN2 deficiency caused reduced phosphorylation of eIF2α and PARP cleavage under ER stress conditions. Whereas the knockdown of PTPN2 made THP-1 cells more susceptible to ER stress, PTPN2 deficiency reduced ER stress responses in HT-29 IECs. This suggests that PTPN2 regulates adaptation to ER stress in a cell type-specific manner.