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Nature communications

Carbon-catalysed reductive hydrogen atom transfer reactions.


PMID 25832812

Abstract

Generally, transition metal catalysts are essential for the reductive hydrogen atom transfer reaction, which is also known as the transfer hydrogenation reaction or the borrowing-hydrogen reaction. It has been reported that graphene can be an active catalyst in ethylene and nitrobenzene reductions, but no report has described carbon-based materials as catalysts for alcohol amination via the borrowing-hydrogen reaction mechanism. Here we show the results from the preparation, characterization and catalytic performance investigation of carbon catalysts in transition metal-free borrowing-hydrogen reactions using alcohol amination and nitro compound/ketone reduction as model reactions. XPS, XRD, SEM, FT-IR and N2 adsorption-desorption studies revealed that C=O group in the carbon catalysts may be a possible catalytically active site, and high surface area is important for gaining high activity. The activity of the carbon catalyst remained unchanged after reuse. This study provides an attractive and useful methodology for a wider range of applications.

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