AJNR. American journal of neuroradiology

Using Texture Analysis to Determine Human Papillomavirus Status of Oropharyngeal Squamous Cell Carcinomas on CT.

PMID 25836725


Human papillomavirus-associated oropharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma is increasing in prevalence and typically occurs in younger patients than human papillomavirus-negative squamous cell carcinoma. While imaging features of human papillomavirus-positive versus human papillomavirus-negative squamous cell carcinoma nodal metastases have been described, characteristics distinguishing human papillomavirus-positive from human papillomavirus-negative primary squamous cell carcinomas have not been well established. The purpose of this project was to evaluate the use of texture features to distinguish human papillomavirus-positive and human papillomavirus-negative primary oropharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma. Following institutional review board approval, 40 patients with primary oropharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma and known human papillomavirus status who underwent contrast-enhanced CT between December 2009 and October 2013 were included in this study. Segmentation of the primary lesion was manually performed with a semiautomated graphical-user interface. Following segmentation, an in-house-developed texture analysis program extracted 42 texture features from each segmented volume. A t test was used to evaluate differences in texture parameters between human papillomavirus-positive and human papillomavirus-negative squamous cell carcinomas. Of the 40 included patients, 29 had human papillomavirus-positive oropharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma and 11 had human papillomavirus-negative oropharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma. Significant differences were seen in the histogram parameters median (P = .006) and entropy (P = .016) and squamous cell carcinoma entropy (P = .043). There are statistically significant differences in some texture features between human papillomavirus-positive and human papillomavirus-negative oropharyngeal tumors. Texture analysis may be considered an adjunct to the evaluation of human papillomavirus status and characterization of squamous cell carcinoma.