Journal of immunological methods

Development and applications of AlphaScreen-based FcRn binding assay to characterize monoclonal antibodies.

PMID 25837414


IgG antibodies are important pharmaceutical molecules that successfully treat a variety of human diseases. The neonatal Fc receptor (FcRn) interacts with IgG Fc in the CH2-CH3 domain and plays a key role in IgG antibody homeostasis and affects its pharmacokinetic properties. An in vitro FcRn binding assay could be a highly valuable complementary tool to assess IgG antibody pharmacokinetics in IgG engineering and screening during the early optimization stage. In addition, it could be useful in biological characterization studies for antibody minor variants, process optimization, and comparability study at later stages of antibody development. Here we developed a homogeneous AlphaScreen-based FcRn assay to assess the binding of FcRn to IgG antibody in vitro. The assay is found to be accurate, precise, specific, and simple: donor beads loaded with FcRn and acceptor beads loaded with IgG1 mAb1 are mixed together with sample IgG at various dilutions and incubated for 1h before acquiring data with a fluorescence reader. This assay can run up to four samples per plate in 2h, which is time and cost effective compared with other FcRn binding methods such as cell-based fluorescent-activated cell scan and surface plasma resonance. Our data demonstrated that this assay is suitable for assessing the FcRn binding in vitro and provides a platform approach that can be readily applied to various antibodies.