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Fish & shellfish immunology

Molecular characterization and functional analysis of a novel C-type lectin receptor-like gene from a teleost fish, Plecoglossus altivelis.


PMID 25842180

Abstract

C-type lectin-like receptors (CLRs) are important pathogen pattern recognition molecules that recognize carbohydrate structures. However, the functions of these receptors in fish keep less known. In this study, we characterized a novel CLR from a teleost fish, Plecoglossus altivelis (ayu), tentatively named PaCD209L. The cDNA of PaCD209L is 1464 nucleotides (nts) in length, encoding a polypeptide of 281 amino acid residues with a calculated molecular weight of 31.5 kDa. Multiple alignment of the deduced amino acid sequences of PaCD209L and other related fish CLRs revealed that the PaCD209L sequence had typical characteristics of fish CLRs, but without Ca(2+)-binding sites. Sequence comparison and phylogenetic tree analysis showed that PaCD209L shared the highest amino acid identity (44%) with rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) CD209 aE PaCD209L transcripts were detected in all of the tissues examined, mainly expressed in the brain and heart. Upon Vibrio anguillarum infection, PaCD209L transcripts were upregulated in all tested tissues and in monocytes/macrophages (MO/MΦ). We prepared recombinant PaCD209L (rPaCD209L) by prokaryotic expression and raised antiserum against PaCD209L. Western blot analysis revealed that native PaCD209L was glycosylated, and its protein expression significantly increased in ayu MO/MΦ upon V. anguillarum infection. In addition, rPaCD209L was able to bind Gram-positive and Gram-negative bacteria in the absence of Ca(2+). After PaCD209L was blocked by anti-PaCD209L IgG, the phagocytosis and bacterial killing activity of MO/MΦ significantly decreased. These results suggest that PaCD209L plays an important role in the regulation of MO/MΦ functions in ayu.