Chemistry (Weinheim an der Bergstrasse, Germany)

A Non-Invasive NMR Method Based on Histidine Imidazoles to Analyze the pH-Modulation of Protein-Nucleic Acid Interfaces.

PMID 25846236


A useful (2) J(N-H) coupling-based NMR spectroscopic approach is proposed to unveil, at the molecular level, the contribution of the imidazole groups of histidines from RNA/DNA-binding proteins on the modulation of binding to nucleic acids by pH. Such protonation/deprotonation events have been monitored on the single His96 located at the second RNA/DNA recognition motif (RRM2) of T-cell intracellular antigen-1 (TIA-1) protein. The pKa values of the His96 ionizable groups were substantially higher in the complexes with short U-rich RNA and T-rich DNA oligonucleotides than those of the isolated TIA-1 RRM2. Herein, the methodology applied to determine changes in pKa of histidine side chains upon DNA/RNA binding, gives valuable information to understand the pH effect on multidomain DNA/RNA-binding proteins that shuttle among different cellular compartments.