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Biometals : an international journal on the role of metal ions in biology, biochemistry, and medicine

Anti-proliferative effect of Fe(III) complexed with 1-(2-hydroxy-3-methoxybenzaldehyde)-4-aminosalicylhydrazone in HepG2 cells.


PMID 25850340

Abstract

We previously developed a chelating ligand, 1-(2-hydroxy-3-methoxybenzaldehyde)-4-aminosalicylhydrazone (HMB-ASH), which can chelate Fe(III) to form a complex. The HMB-ASH-Fe(III) complex exhibits a dose-dependent anti-proliferative effect in HepG2 cells, whereas the ligand, HMB-ASH, and Fe(III) alone had no considerable effect. The HMB-ASH-Fe(III) complex was composed of Fe(III):HMB-ASH (1:2), as determined by high-performance liquid chromatography with high-resolution mass spectrometry. The IC50 value was approximately 20 μM, which was comparable to those of the anti-cancer drugs oxaliplatin (OXP) and etoposide (ETP) under the same conditions. Similar to OXP and ETP, HMB-ASH-Fe(III) induced apoptosis in HepG2 cells, as revealed by terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase fluorescein-12-dUTP nick end labeling assay.