Journal of vascular and interventional radiology : JVIR

Reperfusion Rates of Pulmonary Arteriovenous Malformations after Coil Embolization: Evaluation with Time-Resolved MR Angiography or Pulmonary Angiography.

PMID 25851199


To assess reperfusion rates after coil embolization for pulmonary arteriovenous malformations (PAVMs) using time-resolved magnetic resonance (MR) angiography or pulmonary angiography. Patients with PAVMs who underwent embolization and met the following inclusion criteria were included: (a) embolization was performed using bare or fibered platinum microcoils or both, (b) the complete cessation of flow was confirmed by digital subtraction angiography, and (c) follow-up examinations were conducted with time-resolved MR angiography or pulmonary angiography. Coil embolization was performed in 16 patients with 24 untreated or reperfused PAVMs. Sac embolization was performed for 12 untreated PAVMs. Feeding artery embolization was performed as primary embolization in each of the 12 reperfused PAVMs. Five PAVMs were treated 2 to 4 times because of reperfusion. The study included 32 coil embolizations. Follow-up images were reviewed, and reperfusion rates were assessed. The relationships between reperfusion and the location of PAVM, size of PAVM (feeding artery and venous sac), coils (number and total length), timing of embolization (primary or repeat embolization), and types of coils used (with or without fibered coils) were examined. Reperfusion rates at 3, 6, 12, and 24 months were 8%, 27%, 36%, and 49%, respectively, for the 12 untreated PAVMs (primary embolization) and 50%, 50%, 92%, and 100%, respectively, for the 12 reperfused PAVMs (repeat embolization) (P = .0062). No significant differences were observed in the other parameters measured. When evaluated with time-resolved MR angiography or pulmonary angiography, reperfusion rates after coil embolization for PAVM were considerably high, particularly with repeat embolization.