Protein engineering, design & selection : PEDS

Ancestral amino acid substitution improves the thermal stability of recombinant lignin-peroxidase from white-rot fungi, Phanerochaete chrysosporium strain UAMH 3641.

PMID 25858964


Stabilizing enzymes from mesophiles of industrial interest is one of the greatest challenges of protein engineering. The ancestral mutation method, which introduces inferred ancestral residues into a target enzyme, has previously been developed and used to improve the thermostability of thermophilic enzymes. In this report, we studied the ancestral mutation method to improve the chemical and thermal stabilities of Phanerochaete chrysosporium lignin peroxidase (LiP), a mesophilic fungal enzyme. A fungal ancestral LiP sequence was inferred using a phylogenetic tree comprising Basidiomycota and Ascomycota fungal peroxidase sequences. Eleven mutant enzymes containing ancestral residues were designed, heterologously expressed in Escherichia coli and purified. Several of these ancestral mutants showed higher thermal stabilities and increased specific activities and/or kcat/KM than those of wild-type LiP.

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