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Molecular imaging and biology : MIB : the official publication of the Academy of Molecular Imaging

In Vivo MR Imaging of Fibrin in a Neuroblastoma Tumor Model by Means of a Targeting Gd-Containing Peptide.


PMID 25875866

Abstract

A magnetic resonance imaging contrast agent based on a tetrameric Gd-DTPA-like system linked to a fibrin-targeting peptide (Gd-F) has been designed for in vivo tumor characterization. Gd-F was synthesized following Fmoc-SPPS strategy. Binding was measured using soluble fibrin DD(E) fragment and a dried fibrin assay. Contrast efficiency was tested on human and mouse clots and in vivo on Neuro2A tumor model. An anti-thrombotic drug was used to evaluate Gd-F sensitivity for changes in fibrin availability at the tumor site. The high relaxivity of Gd-F (42 mM(-1) s(-1), per molecule) yielded a strong signal enhancement in human and murine clots. High contrast was also measured in vivo in Neuro2A tumors, with a persistent enhancement in tumor rim and stroma. Upon treatment with an anti-thrombotic drug, the contrast uptake was significantly reduced in the tumor area confirming the specificity of the probe. Gd-F resulted to be an efficient probe for tumor delineation and for monitoring fibrin deposits during tumor progression and anti-thrombotic therapy.