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Respiratory research

IL-25 induces airways angiogenesis and expression of multiple angiogenic factors in a murine asthma model.


PMID 25889697

Abstract

Th2-promoting cytokine IL-25 might contribute to bronchial mucosal vascular remodelling in asthma through its receptor expressed by vascular endothelial and vascular smooth muscle cells. By utilising a newly established chronic asthma murine model induced by direct exposure of the airways to IL-25 alone, we examined effects of IL-25 on angiogenesis, vascular remodelling and expression of angiogenic factors, compared changes with those in a "classical" ovalbumin (OVA)-induced murine asthma model. IL-25 and OVA were intranasally instilled into the airways of BALB/c mice for up to 55 days. Airways vessels and angiogenic factors, including Von Willebrand Factor (vWF), amphiregulin, angiogenin, endothelin-1, transcription factor ERG, basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF), epidermal growth factor (EGF), insulin-like growth factor (IGF-1) and vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) in lung sections, homogenates and BAL fluid were detected and quantified by immunostaining or enzyme linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). An in house assay was also utilised to compare the effects of IL-25 and other Th2-cytokines on angiogenesis by human vascular endothelial cells. Repetitive intranasal challenge with IL-25 alone or OVA alone in OVA-presensitised animals significantly increased peribronchial vWF (+) vessels in the murine airways, which was associated with remarkably elevated expression of amphiregulin, angiogenin, endothelin-1, bFGF, EGF, IGF-1, VEGF and ERG. IL-25, but not Th-2-cytokines induced human angiogenesis in vitro. The data suggest that chronic exposure of murine airways to IL-25 alone is able to reproduce a local angiogenic milieu. Thus, blocking IL-25 may attenuate vascular remodelling and improve outcomes in asthma patients.

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