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Molecular medicine reports

MicroRNA-9 suppresses the sensitivity of CNE2 cells to ultraviolet radiation.


PMID 25891118

Abstract

MicroRNA (miR)-9 has been demonstrated to regulate the radiosensitivity of tumor cells. In the present study, the mechanism by which miR-9 modulates the sensitivity of nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) cells to ultraviolet (UV) radiation was investigated. The results demonstrated that exposure of NPC cells to UV light resulted in a significant increase in the expression of miR-9, and that CNE2 cells overexpressing miR-9 exhibited reduced levels of DNA damage and increased levels of total glutathione upon UV exposure. Accordingly, the inhibition of the expression of miR-9 promoted UV-induced DNA damage and apoptosis. Although miR-9 inhibited the expression of E-cadherin in the CNE2 cells and increased their resistance to UV radiation, the use of small interfering RNA to inhibit the expression of E-cadherin was not sufficient to decrease the radiosensitivity of the NPC cells. These data demonstrated that miR-9 did not modulate the sensitivity of the CNE2 cells to UV radiation through E-cadherin, but suggested that miR-9 regulated radiosensitivity through its effects on glutathione. These findings suggest that miR-9 may be a potential target for modulating the radiosensitivity of NPC cells.