Nutrition, metabolism, and cardiovascular diseases : NMCD

Non-HDL-cholesterol to HDL-cholesterol ratio as an independent risk factor for the development of chronic kidney disease.

PMID 25921842


Dyslipidemia contributes to the development and progression of renal disease. The objective of this study was to investigate whether an elevated non-HDL-cholesterol to HDL-cholesterol ratio (NonHDLc/HDLc) predicts new-onset chronic kidney disease (CKD). We followed 1891 Chinese adults with normal or near-normal kidney function at baseline who participated in an annual health checkup program for the occurrence of new-onset CKD [defined as an estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) of <60 mL/min/1.73 m(2) (low eGFR) and/or proteinuria (defined as urinary protein ≥1 + on dipstick testing)] or low eGFR. Cox proportional hazards models were used to examine the independent relationship between the plasma NonHDLc/HDLc ratio and new-onset CKD. During a median follow-up period of 2.8 years, 3% (n = 57) of participants developed new-onset CKD. Compared with patients in the lowest tertile, patients with NonHDLc/HDLc ratios in the highest tertile had a 1.45-fold higher risk of new-onset CKD (hazard ratio [HR], 2.45; 95% confidence interval [95% CI], 1.07 to 5.61; P = 0.035) after adjustment for potential confounders. There was a marginally significant association with low eGFR (tertile 3 versus tertile 1: HR, 2.94; 95% CI, 0.98 to 8.82; P = 0.054). NonHDLc/HDLc ratio is an independent risk factor for the development of CKD. Assessment of NonHDLc/HDLc ratio may help identify high risk groups with chronic kidney disease.