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Journal of experimental & clinical cancer research : CR

Extrinsic intestinal denervation modulates tumor development in the small intestine of Apc(Min/+) mice.


PMID 25925839

Abstract

Innervation interacts with enteric immune responses. Chronic intestinal inflammation is associated with increased risk of colorectal cancer. We aimed to study potential extrinsic neuronal modulation of intestinal tumor development in a mouse model. Experiments were performed with male Apc(Min/+) or wild type mice (4xa0weeks old, body weight approximately 20xa0g). Subgroups with subdiaphragmatic vagotomy (apcV/wtV), sympathetic denervation of the small intestine (apcS/wtS) or sham operated controls (apcC/wtC) were investigated (n = 6-14 per group). Three months after surgical manipulation, 10xa0cm of terminal ileum were excised, fixed for 48xa0h in 4% paraformaldehyde and all tumors were counted and their area determined in mm(2) (mean ± standard error of the mean (SEM)). Whole mounts of the muscularis of terminal ileum and duodenum (internal positive control) were also stained for tyrosine hydroxylase to confirm successful sympathetic denervation. Tumor count in Apc(Min/+) mice was 62 ± 8 (apcC), 46 ± 11 (apcV) and 54 ± 8 (apcS) which was increased compared to wildtype controls with 4 ± 0.5 (wtC), 5 ± 0.5 (wtV) and 5 ± 0.6 (wtS; all p < 0.05). For Apc(Min/+) groups, vagotomized animals showed a trend towards decreased tumor counts compared to sham operated Apc(Min/+) controls while sympathetic denervation was similar to sham Apc(Min/+). Area covered by tumors in Apc(Min/+) mice was 55 ± 10 (apcC), 31 ± 8 (apcV) and 42 ± 8 (apcS) mm(2), which was generally increased compared to wildtype controls with 7 ± 0.6 (wtC), 7 ± 0.4 (wtV) and 7 ± 0.6 (wtS) mm(2) (all p < 0.05). In Apc(Min/+) groups, tumor area was decreased in vagotomized animals compared to sham operated controls (p < 0.05) while sympathetically denervated mice showed a minor trend to decreased tumor area compared to controls. Extrinsic innervation of the small bowel is likely to modulate tumor development in Apc(Min/+) mice. Interrupted vagal innervation, but not sympathetic denervation, seems to inhibit tumor growth.