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Cell cycle (Georgetown, Tex.)

A dynein independent role of Tctex-1 at the kinetochore.


PMID 25928583

Abstract

Dynein light chains are accessory subunits of the cytoplasmic dynein complex, a minus-end directed microtubule motor. Here, we demonstrate that the dynein light chain Tctex-1 associates with unattached kinetochores and is essential for accurate chromosome segregation. Tctex-1 knockdown in cells does not affect the localization and function of dynein at the kinetochore, but produces a prolonged mitotic arrest with a few misaligned chromosomes, which are subsequently missegregated during anaphase. This function is independent of Tctex-1's association with dynein. The kinetochore localization of Tctex-1 is independent of the ZW10-dynein pathway, but requires the Ndc80 complex. Thus, our findings reveal a dynein independent role of Tctex-1 at the kinetochore to enhance the stability of kinetochore-microtubule attachment.