In vitro cellular & developmental biology. Animal

Establishment of a cell line from the ash and privet borer beetle Tylonotus bimaculatus Haldeman and assessment of its sensitivity to diacylhydrazine insecticides.

PMID 25952767


A novel cell line, NRCAN-Tb521, was developed from larvae of the longhorn beetle Tylonotus bimaculatus (Coleoptera: Cerambycidae), a pest of North American ash trees. The cell line has been successfully passaged more than 50 times and displayed very strong attachment to the substrate and a modal chromosomal count distribution of 19. Sequencing of a 649 bp fragment of the mitochondrial cytochrome oxidase I gene confirmed the identity of NRCAN-Tb521 as T. bimaculatus. The response of the cell line to 20-hydroxyecdysone and diacylhydrazine ecdysone agonist insecticides was also studied. At 10(-6) M, 20-hydroxyecdysone, tebufenozide, methoxyfenozide and halofenozide triggered the production of numerous filamentous cytoplasmic extensions, and the cells tended to form aggregates, indicative of a cell differentiation response. This response was followed by a strong decrease in viability after 4 d. Reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (PCR) experiments and sequencing of PCR fragments showed that the 20E receptor gene EcR is expressed in the cells and that 20E, tebufenozide, methoxyfenozide and halofenozide also induce the expression of the nuclear hormone receptor gene HR3. This report establishes that NRCAN-Tb521 is a valuable in vitro model to study effects of ecdysone agonists in wood-boring cerambycids.