Journal of assisted reproduction and genetics

High mobility group box 1 protein polymorphism affects susceptibility to recurrent pregnancy loss by up-regulating gene expression in chorionic villi.

PMID 25956264


Inflammation in chorionic villi is involved in the development of recurrent pregnancy loss (RPL). High mobility group box 1 protein (HMGB1) plays critical roles in inflammation and expression of the protein can be found in chorionic villi. The purpose of the study was to investigate the association between HMGB1 genetic polymorphisms and susceptibility to RPL and to examine the mechanism underlying this correlation. Two HMGB1 polymorphisms, rs2249825C/G and rs1412125T/C, were examined in 112 RPL patients and 118 healthy controls by the polymerase chain reaction-restriction fragment length polymorphism assay. Percentage of rs2249825GG was significantly increased in patients than in controls (Odd ratio [OR] =2.33, 95 % confidence interval [CI]: 1.18-4.58, P = 0.013). Also, prevalence of rs2249825G allele was significantly higher in RPL cases (OR = 1.77, 95 % CI: 1.20-2.62, P = 0.004). Function analysis of rs2249825C/G revealed that the polymorphism did not affect serum level of HMGB1. Interestingly, we found significantly increased level of HMGB1 in chorionic villi from RPL patients. Moreover, patients with rs2249825GG genotype presented significantly elevated level of HMGB1 in chorionic villi compared to those with CG or CC genotypes. These results suggest that HMGB1 rs2249825C/G polymorphism is associated with increased risk of RPL and can elevate gene expression in chorionic villi.