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Digestive diseases and sciences

mTOR-Dependent Suppression of Remnant Liver Regeneration in Liver Failure After Massive Liver Resection in Rats.


PMID 25956703

Abstract

Massive hepatectomy often leads to fatal liver failure because of a small remnant liver volume. The aim of this study was to investigate the potential mechanisms leading to liver failure. Sprague-Dawley rats had performed a sham operation, 85 % partial hepatectomy (PH) or 90 % PH, and all had free access to water with or without supplemented glucose. Liver function and survival were evaluated. Liver parenchymal injury was assessed by evaluating hepatic pathology, blood biochemistry, and apoptotic and necrotic alterations. The regeneration response was assessed by the weight gain of the remnant liver, hepatocyte proliferation markers, and regeneration-related molecules. The 90 % hepatectomy resulted in a significantly lower survival rate and impaired liver function; however, no significant more serious liver parenchymal injuries were detected. TNF-α, HGF, myc and IL-6 were either similarly expressed or overexpressed; however, the increase in remnant liver weight, mitotic index, and the presence of Ki-67 and PCNA were significantly lower in the 90 %-hepatectomized rats. mTOR, p70S6K and 4EBP1 were not activated in the remnant liver after a 90 % hepatectomy as obviously as those after an 85 % hepatectomy, which was concomitant with the higher expression of phospho-AMPK and a lower intrahepatic ATP level. Glucose treatment significantly improved the survival rate of 90 %-hepatectomized rats. Suppression of remnant liver regeneration was observed in the 90 % PH and contributed to fatal liver failure. This suppressed liver regenerative capacity was related to the inhibited activation of mTOR signaling.