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Journal of pineal research

Melatonin reverses H2 O2 -induced premature senescence in mesenchymal stem cells via the SIRT1-dependent pathway.


PMID 25975679

Abstract

Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) represent an attractive source for stem cell-based regenerative therapy, but they are vulnerable to oxidative stress-induced premature senescence in pathological conditions. We previously reported antioxidant and antiarthritic effects of melatonin on MSCs against proinflammatory cytokines. In this study, we hypothesized that melatonin could protect MSCs from premature senescence induced by hydrogen peroxide (H2 O2 ) via the silent information regulator type 1 (SIRT1)-dependent pathway. In response to H2 O2 at a sublethal concentration of 200 μm, human bone marrow-derived MSCs (BM-MSCs) underwent growth arrest and cellular senescence. Treatment with melatonin before H2 O2 exposure cannot significantly prevent premature senescence; however, treatment with melatonin subsequent to H2 O2 exposure successfully reversed the senescent phenotypes of BM-MSCs in a dose-dependent manner. This result was made evident by improved cell proliferation, decreased senescence-associated β-galactosidase activity, and the improved entry of proliferating cells into the S phase. In addition, treatment with 100 μm melatonin restored the osteogenic differentiation potential of BM-MSCs that was inhibited by H2 O2 -induced premature senescence. We also found that melatonin attenuated the H2 O2 -stimulated phosphorylation of p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase, decreased expression of the senescence-associated protein p16(INK) (4α) , and increased SIRT1. Further molecular experiments revealed that luzindole, a nonselective antagonist of melatonin receptors, blocked melatonin-mediated antisenescence effects. Inhibition of SIRT1 by sirtinol counteracted the protective effects of melatonin, suggesting that melatonin reversed the senescence in cells through the SIRT1-dependent pathway. Together, these findings lay new ground for understanding oxidative stress-induced premature senescence and open perspectives for therapeutic applications of melatonin in stem cell-based regenerative medicine.

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