Prenatal diagnosis

The use of human amniotic fluid stem cells as an adjunct to promote pulmonary development in a rabbit model for congenital diaphragmatic hernia.

PMID 25976324


This study aimed to evaluate the potential benefit of intra-tracheal injection of human amniotic fluid stem cells (hAFSC) on pulmonary development combined with TO in a rabbit model for CDH. In time-mated pregnant does a left diaphragmatic defect was created at d23 (term = 31). At d28, previously operated fetuses were assigned to either TO and injection with 70 μL of phosphate buffered saline (PBS) or 1.0 × 10(6) c-Kit positive hAFSC expressing LacZ or were left untouched (CDH). Harvesting was done at d31 to obtain their lung-to-body weight ratio (LBWR), airway and vascular lung morphometry, X-gal staining and immunohistochemistry for Ki67 and surfactant protein-B (SP-B). CDH-induced pulmonary hypoplasia is countered by TO + PBS, this reverses LBWR, mean terminal bronchiole density (MTBD) and medial thickness to normal. The additional injection of hAFSC decreases MTBD and results in a non-significant decrease in muscularization of intra-acinary vessels. There were no inflammatory changes and LacZ positive hAFSC were dispersed throughout the lung parenchyma 4 days after injection. HAFSC exert an additional effect on TO leading to a decrease in MTBD, a measure of alveolar number surrounding the terminal bronchioles, without signs of toxicity. © 2015 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.