Investigational new drugs

A phase II study of the HDAC inhibitor SB939 in patients with castration resistant prostate cancer: NCIC clinical trials group study IND195.

PMID 25983041


SB939 is a potent oral inhibitor of class 1, 2, and 4 histone deacetylases (HDACs). These three HDAC classes are highly expressed in castration resistant prostate cancer (CRPC) and associated with poor clinical outcomes. We designed a phase II study of SB939 in men with metastatic CRPC. Patients received SB939 60 mg on alternate days three times per week for 3 weeks on a 4-week cycle. Primary endpoints were PSA response rate (RR) and progression-free survival (PFS). Secondary endpoints included objective response rate and duration; overall survival; circulating tumor cell (CTC) enumeration and safety. Exploratory correlative studies of the TMPRSS2-ERG fusion and PTEN biomarkers were also performed. Thirty-two patients were enrolled of whom 88 % had received no prior chemotherapy. The median number of SB939 cycles administered was three (range 1-8). Adverse events were generally grade 1-2, with five pts experiencing one or more grade three event. One patient died due to myocardial infarction. A confirmed PSA response was noted in two pts (6 %), lasting 3.0 and 21.6 months. In patients with measurable disease there were no objective responses. Six patients had stable disease lasting 1.7 to 8.0 months. CTC response (from ≥5 at baseline to <5 at 6 or 12 weeks) occurred in 9/14 evaluable patients (64 %). Although SB939 was tolerable at the dose/schedule given, and showed declines in CTC in the majority of evaluable patients, it did not show sufficient activity based on PSA RR to warrant further study as a single agent in unselected patients with CRPC.