Klinische Padiatrie

Bortezomib Treatment can Overcome Glucocorticoid Resistance in Childhood B-cell Precursor Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia Cell Lines.

PMID 25985447


The response to initial glucocorticoid (gc) treatment is a reliable stratification factor in childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) and may predict the response to multi-agent chemotherapy. In a former study we detected that the valosin-containing protein (VCP, cdc48), a member of the ubiquitin proteasome degradation system (UPS), is altered in gc-resistant leukemic cells suggesting that the associated pathways might be involved in chemotherapy resistance in childhood ALL. Human B-cell precursor leukemia cell lines, gc-resistant MHH-cALL-2 and gc-sensitive MHH-cALL-3, were treated with prednisolone and various concentrations of bortezomib. Viability and apoptosis rates were determined. Both cell lines showed a dose-dependent increase in caspase activity after bortezomib single treatment. The gc-sensitive cells showed an additive effect after combined treatment with prednisolone and bortezomib. In contrast, both cell lines showed a reduced viability and enhanced propidium iodide positivity after combined treatment as determined by flow cytometry. Western blot analyses of poly-(ADP-ribose) polymerase 1 (PARP-1) suggested that combined treatment promote necrotic cleavage of PARP-1 in gc-resistant cells. Furthermore, after prednisolone treatment the UPS associated proteins VCP and NFκB-inhibitor IκBα were differentially modulated in gc-resistant cells. The proteasome inhibitor bortezomib seems to sensitize gc-resistant childhood ALL cells for prednisolone-induced cell death.