Cancer biology & therapy

Novel reversible selective inhibitor of nuclear export shows that CRM1 is a target in colorectal cancer cells.

PMID 25996664


Colorectal cancer arises via a multistep carcinogenic process and the deregulation of multiple pathways. Thus, the simultaneous targeting of multiple pathways may be a promising therapeutic approach for colorectal treatment. CRM1 is an attractive cancer drug target, because it can regulate multiple pathways and tumor suppressor proteins. In this study, we investigated the anti-tumor activity of a novel reversible CRM1 inhibitor S109 in colorectal cancer. Our data demonstrate that S109 inhibits proliferation and induces cell cycle arrest in colorectal cancer cells. Mechanistically, we demonstrate that the activity of S109 is associated with the nuclear retention of major tumor suppress proteins. Furthermore, the Cys528 mutation of CRM1 prevented the ability of S109 to block nuclear export and inhibit the proliferation of colorectal cancer cells. Interestingly, S109 decreased the CRM1 protein level via proteasomal pathway. We argue that reversible CRM1 inhibitors but not irreversible inhibitors can induce the degradation of CRM1, because the dissociation of reversible inhibitors of CRM1 changes the conformation of CRM1. Taken together, these findings demonstrate that CRM1 is a valid target for the treatment of colorectal cancer and provide a basis for the development of S109 therapies for colorectal cancer.