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Oncology reports

Tangeretin enhances radiosensitivity and inhibits the radiation-induced epithelial-mesenchymal transition of gastric cancer cells.


PMID 25998143

Abstract

Irradiation has been reported to increase radioresistance and epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) in gastric cancer (GC) cells. The Notch pathway is critically implicated in cancer EMT and radioresistance. In the present study, we investigated the use of a Notch-1 inhibiting compound as a novel therapeutic candidate to regulate radiation-induced EMT in GC cells. According to previous screening, tangeretin, a polymethoxylated flavonoid from citrus fruits was selected as a Notch-1 inhibitor. Tangeretin enhanced the radiosensitivity of GC cells as demonstrated by MTT and colony formation assays. Tangeretin also attenuated radiation-induced EMT, invasion and migration in GC cells, accompanied by a decrease in Notch-1, Jagged1/2, Hey-1 and Hes-1 expressions. Tangeretin triggered the upregulation of miR-410, a tumor-suppressive microRNA. Furthermore, re-expression of miR-410 prevented radiation-induced EMT and cell invasion. An in vivo tumor xenograft model confirmed the antimetastasis effect of tangeretin as we observed in vitro. In nude mice, tumor size was considerably diminished by radiation plus tangeretin co-treatment. Tangeretin almost completely inhibited lung metastasis induced by irradiation. Tangeretin may be a novel antimetastatic agent for radiotherapy.