AJR. American journal of roentgenology

High Spatiotemporal Resolution Dynamic Contrast-Enhanced MR Enterography in Crohn Disease Terminal Ileitis Using Continuous Golden-Angle Radial Sampling, Compressed Sensing, and Parallel Imaging.

PMID 26001254


The purpose of this article was to assess the feasibility of golden-angle radial acquisition with compress sensing reconstruction (Golden-angle RAdial Sparse Parallel [GRASP]) for acquiring high temporal resolution data for pharmacokinetic modeling while maintaining high image quality in patients with Crohn disease terminal ileitis. Fourteen patients with biopsy-proven Crohn terminal ileitis were scanned using both contrast-enhanced GRASP and Cartesian breath-hold (volume-interpolated breath-hold examination [VIBE]) acquisitions. GRASP data were reconstructed with 2.4-second temporal resolution and fitted to the generalized kinetic model using an individualized arterial input function to derive the volume transfer coefficient (K(trans)) and interstitial volume (v(e)). Reconstructions, including data from the entire GRASP acquisition and Cartesian VIBE acquisitions, were rated for image quality, artifact, and detection of typical Crohn ileitis features. Inflamed loops of ileum had significantly higher K(trans) (3.36 ± 2.49 vs 0.86 ± 0.49 min(-1), p < 0.005) and v(e) (0.53 ± 0.15 vs 0.20 ± 0.11, p < 0.005) compared with normal bowel loops. There were no significant differences between GRASP and Cartesian VIBE for overall image quality (p = 0.180) or detection of Crohn ileitis features, although streak artifact was worse with the GRASP acquisition (p = 0.001). High temporal resolution data for pharmacokinetic modeling and high spatial resolution data for morphologic image analysis can be achieved in the same acquisition using GRASP.