Die Pharmazie

Development of a LC-MS/MS method for the estimation of clinofibrate in human urine.

PMID 26012250


A highly sensitive and rapid liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry method was developed for the determination of clinofibrate in human urine. The analyte and IS were extracted through a simple protein precipitation by the mixture of acetonitrile and 1 mol/L hydrochloric acid (95:5, v/v) and separated on an Inspire C18 (150 mm x 4.6 mm I.D., 5 μm particle size) column using isocratic elution with methanol and water containing 0.1% formic acid and 10 mM ammonium acetate (90:10, v/v). Mass spectrometric detection was performed in electrospray positive ionization MRM mode. The mass transition was m/z 486.3-->175.0 for clinofibrate and m/z 361.1-->233.1 for IS, respectively. The flow rate was 0.6 mL/min and the column oven temperature was set at 35 °C. The total run time was 6.5 min. Good linear relationships were obtained for all analytes over the concentrations ranging of 0.1002-10.02 μg/mL (r2 = 0.9991) and the limit of quantification was 0.1002 μg/mL. The extraction recovery was larger than 87.4% and intra- and inter-batch precision and accuracy with RSD were all less than 6.5%. The total amount of unchanged clinofibrate excreted in urine was less than 0.34%. This method was successfully applied to the pharmacokinetic study of clinofibrate in human urine.