Chemphyschem : a European journal of chemical physics and physical chemistry

Photophysical Properties of Intramolecular Charge Transfer in a Tribranched Donor-π-Acceptor Chromophore.

PMID 26018143


The photophysical properties of intramolecular charge transfer (ICT) in a novel tribranched donor-π-acceptor chromophore, triphenoxazine-2,4,6-triphenyl-1,3,5-triazine (tri-PXZ-TRZ), with thermally activated delayed fluorescence character was investigated in different aprotic solvents by steady-state spectroscopy and femtosecond and nanosecond transient absorption spectroscopy measurements. Increasing the solvent polarity led to a significant increase in the Stokes shift. The large Stokes shift in highly polar solvents was attributed to ICT properties upon excitation; this resulted in a strong interaction between the tri-PXZ-TRZ molecule and the surrounding solvent, which led to a strong solvation process. Quantum-chemical calculations and changes in the dipole moment showed that this compound has a large degree of ICT. Furthermore, an apolar environment helped to preserve the symmetry of tri-PXZ-TRZ and to enhance its emission efficiency. The femtosecond and nanosecond transient absorption spectroscopy results indicated that the excited-state dynamics of this push-pull molecule were strongly influenced by solvent polarity through the formation of a solvent-stabilized ICT state. The excited-state relaxation mechanism of tri-PXZ-TRZ was proposed by performing target model analysis on the femtosecond transient absorption spectra. In addition, the delayed fluorescence of tri-PXZ-TRZ was significantly modulated by a potential competition between solvation and intersystem crossing processes.