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Molecules (Basel, Switzerland)

Enhanced supersaturation and oral absorption of sirolimus using an amorphous solid dispersion based on Eudragit® e.


PMID 26020699

Abstract

The present study aimed to investigate the effect of Eudragit® E/HCl (E-SD) on the degradation of sirolimus in simulated gastric fluid (pH 1.2) and to develop a new oral formulation of sirolimus using E-SD solid dispersions to enhance oral bioavailability. Sirolimus-loaded solid dispersions were fabricated by a spray drying process. A kinetic solubility test demonstrated that the sirolimus/E-SD/TPGS (1/8/1) solid dispersion had a maximum solubility of 196.7 μg/mL within 0.5 h that gradually decreased to 173.4 μg/mL after 12 h. According to the dissolution study, the most suitable formulation was the sirolimus/E-SD/TPGS (1/8/1) solid dispersion in simulated gastric fluid (pH 1.2), owing to enhanced stability and degree of supersaturation of E-SD and TPGS. Furthermore, pharmacokinetic studies in rats indicated that compared to the physical mixture and sirolimus/HPMC/TPGS (1/8/1) solid dispersion, the sirolimus/E-SD/TPGS (1/8/1) solid dispersion significantly improved oral absorption of sirolimus. E-SD significantly inhibited the degradation of sirolimus in a dose-dependent manner. E-SD also significantly inhibited the precipitation of sirolimus compared to hydroxypropylmethyl cellulose (HPMC). Therefore, the results from the present study suggest that the sirolimus-loaded E-SD/TPGS solid dispersion has great potential in clinical applications.

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