Evaluation of (4-Arylpiperidin-1-yl)cyclopentanecarboxamides As High-Affinity and Long-Residence-Time Antagonists for the CCR2 Receptor.

PMID 26033831


Animal models suggest that the chemokine ligand 2/CC-chemokine receptor 2 (CCL2/CCR2) axis plays an important role in the development of inflammatory diseases. However, CCR2 antagonists have failed in clinical trials because of a lack of efficacy. We previously described a new approach for the design of CCR2 antagonists by the use of structure-kinetics relationships (SKRs). Herein we report new findings on the structure-affinity relationships (SARs) and SKRs of the reference compound MK-0483, its diastereomers, and its structural analogues as CCR2 antagonists. The SARs of the 4-arylpiperidine group suggest that lipophilic hydrogen-bond-accepting substituents at the 3-position are favorable. However, the SKRs suggest that a lipophilic group with a certain size is desired [e.g., 3-Br: Ki =2.8 nM, residence time (t(res))=243 min; 3-iPr: Ki =3.6 nM, t(res) =266 min]. Alternatively, additional substituents and further optimization of the molecule, while keeping a carboxylic acid at the 3-position, can also prolong t(res); this was most prominently observed in MK-0483 (Ki =1.2 nM, t(res) =724 min) and a close analogue (Ki =7.8 nM) with a short residence time.