Immunology letters

MicroRNA-138 regulates the balance of Th1/Th2 via targeting RUNX3 in psoriasis.

PMID 26045321


Psoriasis is a common chronic inflammatory and T cell-meditated autoimmune skin disease. A recent study found that Runt-related transcription factor 3 (RUNX3) is a susceptibility gene for psoriasis; however, its biological role in the disease has not been studied. RUNX3 was predicted to be the target gene of microRNA-138 (miR-138). The current research was designed to delineate the mechanism of miR-138 in regulating psoriasis via targeting RUNX3. In this study, we found that the expression of RUNX3 is increased significantly while the expression of miR-138 decreased significantly in CD4(+) T cells from psoriasis patients. Moreover, the luciferase report confirmed the targeting reaction between miR-138 and RUNX3. After transfection with the miR-138 inhibitor into CD4(+) T cells from healthy controls, we found that the inhibition of miR-138 increases RUNX3 expression and increased the ratio of Th1/Th2. Furthermore, the miR-138 mimic was transfected into CD4(+) T cells from psoriasis patients. The results showed that the overexpression of miR-138 inhibits RUNX3 expression and decreased the ratio of Th1/Th2 in CD4(+) T cells. Taken together, our study suggests that increased miR-138 regulates the balance of Th1/Th2 through inhibiting RUNX3 expression in psoriasis, providing a potential therapeutic target for psoriasis.