The international journal of biochemistry & cell biology

The Adhesion GPCR CD97/ADGRE5 inhibits apoptosis.

PMID 26071181


The Adhesion G protein-coupled receptor (GPCR) CD97/ADGRE5 is induced, upregulated, and/or biochemically modified in various malignancies, compared to the corresponding normal tissues. As tumor cells are generally more resistant to apoptosis, we here studied the ability of CD97 to regulate tumor cell survival under apoptotic conditions. Stable overexpression of wild-type CD97 reduced serum starvation- and staurosporine-induced intrinsic and tumor necrosis factor (TNF)/cycloheximide-induced extrinsic apoptosis, indicated by an increase in cell viability, a lower percentage of cells within the subG0/G1 phase, expressing annexin V, or having condensed nuclei, and a reduction of DNA laddering. Protection from cell death by CD97 was accompanied by an inhibition of caspase activation and modulation of anti- and pro-apoptotic members of the BCL-2 superfamily. shRNA-mediated knockdown of CD97 and, in part, truncation of the seven-span transmembrane (TM7) region of CD97 increased caspase-mediated apoptosis. Protection from apoptosis required not only the TM7 region but also cleavage of the receptor at its GPCR proteolysis site (GPS), whereas alternative splicing of its extracellular domain had no effect. Together, our data indicate a role of CD97 in tumor cell survival.