Journal of diabetes and its complications

VEGF gene transfected umbilical cord mesenchymal stem cells transplantation improve the lower limb vascular lesions of diabetic rats.

PMID 26077346


Previous studies had explored the therapeutic effect of hUC-MSCs transplantation on ischemia; in this study, we further assessed the effectiveness of VEGF over-expressed hUC-MSCs cells transplantation on vascular proliferation in lower limb ischemia model in type 2 diabetic rats. hUC-MSCs cells were over-expressed with VEGF, and transplanted to lower limb ischemia rats model of type 2 diabetes. VEGF over-expression increased the hUC-MSCs cells proliferation activity and VEGF secretion. VEGF gene transfected hUC-MSCs transplantation increased VEGF expression at a high level throughout 4weeks in skeletal muscle tissues of rats. Importantly, the vascular proliferation and blood perfusion of VEGF over-expressed hUC-MSCs transplanted limb were significantly improved compared with those of control group. The expression levels of ERK, AKT, MMP2 and MMP9 in VEGF over-expressed hUC-MSCs transplantation group increased dramatically compared with control group, while TIMP1 and TIMP2 expression had no significant change. VEGF over-expressed hUC-MSCs transplantation was more effective to stimulate angiogenesis and increase blood perfusion than the simply hUC-MSCs transplantation, as maybe a new choice to improve the lower limb vascular lesions of diabetics.