Chemistry (Weinheim an der Bergstrasse, Germany)

Sc2O@Td 19151)-C76 : hindered cluster motion inside a tetrahedral carbon cage probed by crystallographic and computational studies.

PMID 26088830


A new cluster fullerene, Sc2 O@Td (19151)-C76 , has been isolated and characterized by mass spectrometry, UV/Vis/NIR absorption, (45) Sc NMR spectroscopy, cyclic voltammetry, and single-crystal X-ray diffraction. The crystallographic analysis unambiguously assigned the cage structure as Td (19151)-C76 , which is the first tetrahedral fullerene cage characterized by single-crystal X-ray diffraction. This study also demonstrated that the Sc2 O cluster has a much smaller ScOSc angle than that of Sc2 O@Cs (6)-C82 and the Sc2 O unit is fully ordered inside the Td (19151)-C76 cage. Computational studies further revealed that the cluster motion of the Sc2 O is more restrained in the Td (19151)-C76 cage than that in the Cs (6)-C82 cage. These results suggest that cage size affects not only the shapes but also the cluster motion inside fullerene cages.