International journal of clinical and experimental pathology

Erythropoietin and erythropoietin receptor in hepatocellular carcinoma: correlation with vasculogenic mimicry and poor prognosis.

PMID 26097591


To evaluate erythropoietin (Epo) and erythropoietin receptor (EpoR) expression, its relationship with vasculogenic mimicry (VM) and its prognostic value in human hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), we examined Epo/EpoR expression and VM formation using immunohistochemistry and CD31/PAS (periodic acid-Schiff) double staining on 92 HCC specimens. The correlation between Epo/EpoR expression and VM formation was analyzed using two-tailed Chi-square test and Spearman correlation analysis. Survival curves were generated using Kaplan-Meier method. Multivariate analysis was performed using Cox regression model to assess the prognostic values. Results showed positive correlation between Epo/EpoR expression and VM formation (P < 0.05). Patients with Epo or EpoR expression exhibited poorer overall survival (OS) than Epo-negative or EpoR-negative patients (P < 0.05). Epo-positive/VM-positive and EpoR-positive/VM-positive patients had the worst OS (P < 0.05). In multivariate survival analysis, age, Epo and EpoR were independent prognostic factors related to OS. These results will provide evidence for further research on HCC microcirculation patterns and also will provide new possible targets for HCC diagnosis and treatment.

Related Materials

Product #



Molecular Formula

Add to Cart

EPO human, recombinant, expressed in HEK 293 cells, ≥95% (SDS-PAGE)